Manyowa A Nkhosa ku Organic Feteleza Kupanga Ukadaulo

Pali minda yambiri ya nkhosa ku Australia, New Zealand, America, England, France, Canada ndi mayiko ena ambiri. Zachidziwikire, imapanga manyowa ambiri a nkhosa. Ndi zida zabwino zopangira fetereza. Chifukwa chiyani? Ubwino wa manyowa a nkhosa ndi woyamba kuweta ziweto. Kusankhidwa kwa mphongo ya nkhosa ndi masamba, udzu wofewa, maluwa ndi masamba obiriwira, omwe ndi magawo azitrogen. 

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Kusanthula Kwazakudya

Manyowa a nkhosa atsopano ali ndi 0,46% ya phosphorous ndi 0.23% ya potaziyamu, koma nayitrogeni ali ndi 0,66%. Phosphorous yake ndi potaziyamu ndizofanana ndi manyowa ena anyama. Zinthu zachilengedwe zimakhala pafupifupi 30%, kupitirira manyowa ena azinyama. Mavitaminiwa amapezeka kawiri kuposa ndowe za ng'ombe. Chifukwa chake, akagwiritsa ntchito manyowa ofanana ndi dothi, mphamvu ya feteleza ndiyokwera kwambiri kuposa manyowa ena azinyama. Mphamvu yake ya fetereza ndiyachangu ndipo ndiyabwino kuvala bwino, koma pambuyo pakekuwola kothira kapena kubzala, apo ayi ndizosavuta kuwotcha mbande.

Nkhosa ndizowala, koma samamwa madzi kawirikawiri, kotero manyowa a nkhosa ndi owuma komanso abwino. Kuchuluka kwa ndowe ndizochepa kwambiri. Manyowa a nkhosa, monga feteleza wotentha, ndi imodzi mwazinyama zanyama pakati pa ndowe za akavalo ndi ndowe za ng'ombe. Manyowa a nkhosa amakhala ndi michere yambiri. Ndizosavuta kugawika mzakudya zabwino zomwe zitha kuyamwa, komanso zimakhala ndi michere yovuta kuwola. Chifukwa chake, manyowa a manyowa a nkhosa ndi osakanikirana ndi fetereza wogwira ntchito mwachangu komanso wotsika, woyenera kugwiritsira ntchito nthaka zosiyanasiyana. Manyowa a nkhosa akudutsaBio-feteleza nayonso mphamvu mabakiteriya omwe akupanga nayonso mphamvu, ndipo ataphwanya udzu, mabakiteriya ovuta am'magazi amayambiranso mofanana, kenako ndi ma aerobic, anaerobic Fermentation kuti akhale feteleza wabwino.
Zomwe zili mu zinyalala za nkhosa zinali 24% - 27%, nayitrogeni anali 0.7% - 0.8%, phosphorous inali 0.45% - 0.6%, potaziyamu anali 0.3% - 0.6%, zomwe zili mu potaziyamu. organic mu nkhosa 5%, nayitrogeni wa 1.3% mpaka 1.4%, phosphorous pang'ono, potaziyamu ndi wachuma kwambiri, mpaka 2.1% mpaka 2.3%.

 

Nkhosa Manyowa Kompositi / Njira Yothira:

1. Sakanizani manyowa a nkhosa ndi phulusa la udzu. Kuchuluka kwa ufa wa udzu kumadalira chinyezi cha manyowa a nkhosa. Manyowa / kuthira kwakukulu kumafuna 45% ya chinyezi.

2. Onjezerani 3 kg ya tizilombo tating'onoting'ono to 1 ton 1 ya manyowa a nkhosa kapena 1.5 ton wa manyowa atsopano a nkhosa. Mukamachepetsa mabakiteriya pamlingo wa 1: 300, mutha kupopera mosakanikirana mulu wa zopangira nkhosa. Onjezani chimanga chokwanira, udzu wa chimanga, udzu wouma, ndi zina zambiri.
3. Idzakhala ndi chabwino chosakanizira cha feteleza kusonkhezera zopangira. Kusakaniza kuyenera kukhala yunifolomu, osasiya njerwa.
4. Mukasakaniza zinthu zonse zopangira, mutha kupanga mulu wa kompositi wa windrow. Kuchuluka kwa muluwo ndi 2.0-3.0 m, kutalika kwa 1.5-2.0 m. Za kutalika, zoposa 5 m ndibwino. Kutentha kukatha 55 ℃, mutha kugwiritsa ntchitoKompositi makina okutira kuti atembenuke.

Zindikirani: pali zina zomwe zikugwirizana ndi yanu kupanga manyowa a manyowa, monga kutentha, kuchuluka kwa C / N, pH phindu, oxygen ndi kutsimikizika, ndi zina zambiri.

5. Manyowa adzakwera kutentha kwa masiku atatu, masiku 5 opanda fungo, masiku 9 otayirira, masiku 12 onunkhira, masiku 15 kuwonongeka.
a. Pa tsiku lachitatu, kutentha kwa mulu wa kompositi kumakwera mpaka 60 ℃ - 80 ℃, ndikupha E. coli, mazira ndi matenda ena azitsamba ndi tizilombo toononga.
b. Pa tsiku lachisanu, kununkhira kwa manyowa a nkhosa kumachotsedwa.
c. Pa tsiku lachisanu ndi chinayi, kompositi imakhala yotayirira komanso youma, yokutidwa ndi hyphae yoyera.
d. Patsiku lakhumi ndi chiwiri loyamba, limatulutsa kukoma kwa vinyo;
e. Patsiku lakhumi ndi chisanu, manyowa a nkhosa amakhala okhwima.

Mukapanga manyowa owola a nkhosa, mutha kumugulitsa kapena kumugwiritsa ntchito m'munda wanu, m'munda, m'munda wa zipatso, ndi zina zambiri. Ngati mukufuna kupanga manyowa a feteleza kapena tinthu ting'onoting'ono, manyowawo ayenera kukhala Kupanga feteleza wakuya kwambiri.

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Nkhosa Za Nkhosa Zamalonda Zamagulu Opanga Granules

Pambuyo popanga manyowa, zinthu zopangira feteleza zimatumizidwa mu theka-yonyowa zinthu crusher kuphwanya. Ndipo onjezerani zinthu zina pakupanga manyowa (nitrogeni yoyera, phosphorus pentoxide, potaziyamu mankhwala enaake, ammonium chloride, ndi zina) kuti mukwaniritse zofunikira za michere, ndikusakanikirana ndi zinthuzo. Gwiritsani ntchitomtundu watsopano wa feteleza wamafuta kuti mafuta azigwiritsa ntchito tizidutswa tating'ono. Youma ndi kuziziritsa tinthu. Gwiritsani ntchitomakina owonera kupanga magulu ofunikira komanso osakwanira. Zogulitsa zoyenerera zitha kuphatikizidwa ndiMakinawa wazolongedza ndi granules osayenerera adzabwezedwa crusher kuti kukonzanso granulation.
Njira yonse yopangira manyowa a feteleza amatha kugawidwa kukhala kompositi- kuphwanya- kusakaniza- granulating- kuyanika- kuzirala- kuyesa- ma CD.
Pali mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya feteleza wopanga feteleza (kuyambira zazing'ono mpaka zazikulu) pazomwe mungasankhe.

Nkhosa Manyowa Organic Feteleza Phunziro pankhaniyi
1. Nkhosa manyowa manyowa awola ikuchedwa, ndiye kuti ndiyoyenera feteleza woyambira. Zimakulitsa zokolola. Zingakhale bwino ndikuphatikiza feteleza wotentha. Yogwiritsidwa ntchito panthaka yamchenga komanso yolimba kwambiri, imatha kukwaniritsa chonde, komanso imathandizira magwiridwe antchito a nthaka.

2. Fetereza wa zamoyo amakhala ndi michere yosiyanasiyana yofunikira kuti zinthu zaulimi zizikhala zabwino, kuti zakudya zizikhala zofunikira.
3. fetereza Organic ndi phindu nthaka kagayidwe, kusintha nthaka kwachilengedwenso ntchito, kapangidwe ndi michere.
4. Imathandizira kukana chilala, kukana kuzizira, kuthira mchere ndi kukana kwamchere komanso matenda.


Nthawi yamakalata: Jun-18-2021