30,000 matani pawiri kupanga feteleza

Kufotokozera Kwachidule 

Mzere wopanga wapachaka wa matani 30,000 a feteleza wamagulu ndi kuphatikiza zida zapamwamba. Kutsika kotsika mtengo komanso kupanga bwino kwambiri. Makampani opanga feteleza amatha kugwiritsidwa ntchito poyerekeza zinthu zosiyanasiyana zopangira. Pomaliza, feteleza wophatikizika wokhala ndimitundumitundu ndi mitundumitundu akhoza kukonzekera malinga ndi zosowa zenizeni, kudzaza bwino michere yofunikira ndi mbewu, ndikuthana ndi kutsutsana pakati pakufunidwa kwa mbewu ndi nthaka.

Mankhwala Mwatsatanetsatane

M'zaka zaposachedwa, boma lakhazikitsa ndikupereka mfundo zingapo zokomera chitukuko cha mafakitale a feteleza. Pakufunika chakudya chochuluka, pamakhala chosowa chochuluka. Kuchulukitsa kugwiritsa ntchito feteleza sikungathandize kuchepetsa kugwiritsidwa ntchito kwa feteleza wamagetsi, komanso kupititsa patsogolo mbewu ndi mpikisano wamsika, ndikofunikira kwambiri popewa ndikuwongolera kuipitsa komwe sikunagwiritsidwe ntchito polimbikitsa ulimi - kusintha kwamapangidwe. Pakadali pano, mabizinesi akuchuluka m'madzi akhala chizolowezi chopanga feteleza wa fetereza, osangofuna mfundo zachitetezo cha chilengedwe, komanso kufunafuna phindu latsopano lachitukuko chokhazikika mtsogolo.

Mphamvu yopangira mizere yaying'ono yopanga feteleza imasiyanasiyana makilogalamu 500 mpaka tani imodzi pa ola limodzi.

Zipangizo zomwe zimapezeka pakupanga feteleza

Zopangira zopangira fetereza waphatikizira ndi urea, ammonium chloride, ammonium sulphate, madzi ammonia, ammonium monophosphate, diammonium phosphate, potaziyamu chloride, potaziyamu sulphate, kuphatikizapo dongo ndi zina zomwe zimadzaza.

1) Manyowa a nayitrogeni: ammonium chloride, ammonium sulphate, ammonium thio, urea, calcium nitrate, ndi zina zambiri.

2) feteleza wa potaziyamu: potaziyamu sulphate, udzu ndi phulusa, ndi zina.

3) feteleza wa phosphorus: calcium perphosphate, calcium perphosphate yolemera, calcium magnesium ndi phosphate feteleza, phosphate ore powder, ndi zina.

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Tchati chotsatsira mzere

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Mwayi

Monga katswiri wopanga zida zopangira feteleza, timapatsa makasitomala zida zopangira ndi mayankho oyenera pazosowa zosiyanasiyana zakukwanira kupanga monga matani 10,000 pachaka mpaka matani 200,000 pachaka.

1. Zopangira ndizosinthika kwambiri ndipo ndizoyenera kupanga granulation ya fetereza wapakompyuta, mankhwala, mafakitale, chakudya ndi zina zopangira, ndipo kuchuluka kwa mankhwalawa ndiokwera.

2. Zowopsa zakapangidwe zimatha kupanga mitundu yambiri, kuphatikiza fetereza, fetereza wosakanikirana, feteleza wachilengedwe, feteleza wamaginito, ndi zina zambiri.

3. Mtengo wotsika, ntchito yabwino kwambiri. Fakitole yathu imadzipangira yokha ngati yogulitsa mwachindunji kuti ipereke zabwino kwa makasitomala pamtengo wabwino kwambiri. Kuphatikiza apo, ngati makasitomala ali ndi zovuta zaukadaulo kapena mafunso amsonkhano, amathanso kulumikizana nafe munthawi yake.

4. Feteleza wapawiri wopangidwa munjira yopangirayi ali ndi voliyumu yaying'ono yolowetsa chinyezi, ndiyosavuta kusunga, ndipo imakhala yosavuta kugwiritsa ntchito makina.

5. Mzere wonse wopanga fetereza wapeza zaka zambiri zokumana ndiukadaulo komanso kuthekera kopanga. Uwu ndi mzere wopangira fetereza wogwira ntchito bwino komanso wocheperako mphamvu womwe wakonzedwa mwatsopano, kusinthidwa ndikukonzedwa, kuthana bwino ndi zovuta zotsika mtengo komanso zotchipa kunyumba ndi kunja.

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Mfundo Yogwira Ntchito

Njira yotulutsira mzere wopangira fetereza nthawi zambiri imatha kugawidwa: zopangira, kusakaniza, granulation, kuyanika, kuzirala, gulu la tinthu, zokutira zatha, komanso zomaliza zomaliza.

1. Zopangira zopangira:

Malinga ndi kuchuluka kwa msika komanso kutsimikiza kwa nthaka, urea, ammonium nitrate, ammonium chloride, ammonium thiophosphate, ammonium phosphate, diammonium phosphate, calcium yolemera, potaziyamu mankhwala enaake (potaziyamu sulphate) ndi zinthu zina zopangira zimagawidwa pamlingo winawake. Zowonjezera ndikuwunika zinthu zimagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati zosakaniza pamlingo wina kudzera m'miyeso ya lamba. Malinga ndi kuchuluka kwa chilinganizo, zopangira zonse zopangira zimayendetsedwa mofananira kuchokera ku malamba kupita kwa osakaniza, njira yotchedwa premixes. Zimatsimikizira kulondola kwa kapangidwe kake ndikuzindikira zosakaniza zogwira ntchito mosalekeza komanso moyenera.

2. Zipangizo zosakaniza:

Chosakanizira chopingasa ndi gawo lofunikira pakupanga. Zimathandizira kuti zosakanizika zisakanikirane bwino ndikukhazikitsa maziko a feteleza wabwino kwambiri. Ndimapanga chosakanizira chophatikizira chimodzi komanso chosakanizira chophatikizira chophatikizira.

3. Kukula:

Granulation ndiye gawo lalikulu la mzere wopanga feteleza. Kusankha kwa granulator ndikofunikira kwambiri. Fakitale yathu imapanga ma granulator a disk, drum granulator, extruder wodzigudubuza kapena granulator yatsopano yamagulu. Mu mzerewu wopanga fetereza, timasankha chowombera chowombera. Zinthuzo zikasakanizidwa mofanana, chonyamula lamba chimatumizidwa kumakina ozungulira a drum kuti akwaniritse granulation.

4. Kuwunika:

Pambuyo pozizira, zinthu za powdery zimatsalira pazomwe zatha. Tinthu tonse tating'onoting'ono titha kuwonetsedwa ndi sefa yathu yodzigudubuza. Ufa wosalala wonyamulidwa umanyamulidwa kuchokera ku conveyor ya lamba kupita ku blender kuti akalimbikitse zopangidwazo kuti apange granulation; pomwe tinthu tating'onoting'ono tomwe sitikugwirizana ndi muyezo wa tinthu timafunika kunyamulidwa kuti tiphwanyidwe ndi crusher ya unyolo isanachitike. Zomalizidwa zidzatumizidwa ku makina ophatikizira feteleza. Izi zimapanga gawo lathunthu lopanga.

5. Kupaka:

Njirayi imagwiritsa ntchito makina osungira owerengeka. Makinawa amapangidwa ndi makina olemera otsogola, makina othandizira, makina osindikiza, ndi zina. Muthanso kukhazikitsa hoppers malinga ndi zomwe makasitomala amafuna. Iwo akhoza kuzindikira ma CD kachulukidwe wa zipangizo chochuluka monga feteleza organic ndi feteleza pawiri, ndipo wakhala ankagwiritsa ntchito mafakitale processing chakudya ndi mizere mafakitale kupanga.