50,000 tani pawiri kupanga feteleza

Kufotokozera Kwachidule 

Feteleza wapakhungu, yemwenso amadziwika kuti feteleza wamankhwala, ndi feteleza wokhala ndi michere iwiri kapena itatu ya michere, monga nayitrogeni, phosphorous ndi potaziyamu, yopangidwa ndimankhwala kapena njira zosakanikirana; feteleza wamagulu amatha kukhala powdery kapena granular. Feteleza wokhala ndi zinthu zambiri zogwira ntchito, ndizosavuta kusungunuka m'madzi, zimaola msanga, komanso ndizosavuta kuyamwa ndi mizu. Chifukwa chake amatchedwa "feteleza wofulumira". Ntchito yake ndikwaniritsa zofunikira zonse ndikuwunika michere yosiyanasiyana munjira zosiyanasiyana zopangira.

Mzere wopanga wapachaka wa matani 50,000 a feteleza wamagulu ndi kuphatikiza zida zapamwamba. Ndalama zopangira sizothandiza. Makampani opanga feteleza amatha kugwiritsidwa ntchito poyerekeza zinthu zosiyanasiyana zopangira. Pomaliza, feteleza wophatikizika wokhala ndimitundumitundu ndi mitundumitundu akhoza kukonzekera malinga ndi zosowa zenizeni, kudzaza bwino michere yofunikira ndi mbewu, ndikuthana ndi kutsutsana pakati pakufunidwa kwa mbewu ndi nthaka.

Mankhwala Mwatsatanetsatane

Yophatikiza feteleza Yopanga Line imagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga feteleza ophatikizira mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya potaziyamu wa nayitrogeni, phosphorous potassium perphosphate, potaziyamu mankhwala enaake, sulphate ya granular, sulfuric acid, ammonium nitrate ndi mitundu ina.

Monga katswiri wopanga zida zopangira feteleza, timapatsa makasitomala zida zopangira ndi yankho loyenera pazosowa zosiyanasiyana zopanga monga matani 10,000 pachaka matani 200,000 pachaka. Zida zonse ndizoyendera, zomveka komanso zasayansi, zogwira ntchito mosasunthika, mphamvu yopulumutsa mphamvu, mtengo wotsika wokonza komanso ntchito yabwino. Ndisankho labwino kwambiri kwa opanga feteleza wophatikiza (feteleza wosakanikirana).

Gulu lopanga feteleza limatha kupanga feteleza wambiri, wapakatikati komanso wotsika kuchokera ku mbewu zosiyanasiyana. Nthawi zambiri, feteleza wamagulu amakhala ndi michere iwiri kapena itatu (nayitrogeni, phosphorous, potaziyamu). Ili ndi mawonekedwe azakudya zambiri zokhala ndi michere yambiri komanso zoyipa zochepa. Feteleza wamagulu amachita mbali yofunikira pakukula kwa umuna. Sizingangowonjezera kukhathamira kwa umuna, komanso zimalimbikitsa zokolola zokolola zokolola.

Kugwiritsa ntchito mzere wopanga feteleza:

1. Njira yopangira urea ya sulfure-baged.

2. Njira zosiyanasiyana zopangira feteleza wophatikiza ndi organic.

3. Njira ya feteleza wa asidi.

4. Makina opangira feteleza wosakanizidwa wamafuta.

5. Ndondomeko yayikulu yopanga urea.

6. Njira yopangira feteleza wamatrix wa mbande.

Zipangizo zomwe zimapezeka pakupanga feteleza:

Zopangira za mzere wopangira fetereza ndi urea, ammonium chloride, ammonium sulphate, madzi ammonia, ammonium phosphate, diammonium phosphate, potaziyamu mankhwala enaake, potaziyamu sulphate, kuphatikizapo dongo ndi zina zomwe zimadzaza.

1) Manyowa a nayitrogeni: ammonium chloride, ammonium sulphate, ammonium thio, urea, calcium nitrate, ndi zina zambiri.

2) feteleza wa potaziyamu: potaziyamu sulphate, udzu ndi phulusa, ndi zina.

3) feteleza wa phosphorus: calcium perphosphate, calcium perphosphate yolemera, calcium magnesium ndi phosphate feteleza, phosphate ore powder, ndi zina.

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Tchati chotsatsira mzere

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Mwayi

Gulu lopanga feteleza mzere wozungulira ng'oma imagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga feteleza wambiri. Round diski granulation itha kugwiritsidwa ntchito kupanga ukadaulo wapamwamba komanso wotsika kwambiri wa kompositi, kuphatikiza ukadaulo wamafuta wotsutsana ndi ophatikizika, ukadaulo wapamwamba wa nayitrogeni wopanga feteleza, ndi zina zambiri.

Mzere wopanga fetereza wopanga fakitole wathu ali ndi izi:

Zida zopangira zimagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri: feteleza ophatikizika amatha kupangidwa molingana ndi njira zosiyanasiyana ndi kuchuluka kwa feteleza wamagulu, komanso ndioyenera kupanga feteleza wamagulu ndi wamba.

Kuchepera kozungulira kozungulira komanso kuchuluka kwa biobacterium ndikokwera: njira yatsopanoyo imatha kuzungulirazungulira 90% mpaka 95%, ndipo ukadaulo wowotcha wa mphepo wotsika kwambiri ungapangitse kuti mabakiteriya a microbial akhale ndi moyo wopitilira 90%. Zomalizidwa ndizokongola m'maonekedwe komanso kukula kwake, 90% yake ndi tinthu tating'onoting'ono tokhala ndi 2 mpaka 4mm.

Njira yogwirira ntchito imasinthasintha: njira yopangira fetereza yosakanikirana imatha kusintha malinga ndi zopangira zenizeni, chilinganizo ndi tsamba, kapena njira yosinthira imatha kupangidwa malinga ndi zosowa zenizeni za makasitomala.

Kuchuluka kwa michere ya zinthu zomalizidwa kumakhala kolimba: kudzera muyeso yokhayokha ya zosakaniza, kuyeza kolondola kwa zolimba zosiyanasiyana, zakumwa ndi zinthu zina zopangira, pafupifupi kusunga bata ndi mphamvu ya michere iliyonse panthawiyi.

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Mfundo Yogwira Ntchito

Njira yotulutsira mzere wopangira feteleza amatha kugawidwa motere: zosakaniza zopangira, kusakaniza, kuphwanya mitsempha, granulation, kuwunika koyambirira, kuyanika tinthu, kuzirala kwa tinthu, kuyezetsa kwachiwiri, kumaliza tinthu tating'onoting'ono, ndi ma CD ochulukirapo a zinthu zomalizidwa.

1. Zopangira zopangira:

Malinga ndi kuchuluka kwa msika komanso kutsimikiza kwa nthaka, urea, ammonium nitrate, ammonium chloride, ammonium thiophosphate, ammonium phosphate, diammonium phosphate, calcium yolemera, potaziyamu mankhwala enaake (potaziyamu sulphate) ndi zinthu zina zopangira zimagawidwa pamlingo winawake. Zowonjezera, kufufuza zinthu, ndi zina zambiri zimagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati zosakaniza pamlingo wina kudzera m'miyeso ya lamba. Malinga ndi kuchuluka kwa chilinganizo, zopangira zonse zopangira zimayendetsedwa mofananira kuchokera ku malamba kupita kwa osakaniza, njira yotchedwa premixes. Zimatsimikizira kulondola kwa kapangidwe kake ndikukwaniritsa zowonjezera zowonjezera.

2. Sakanizani:

Zida zopangidwa zosakanizidwa ndizosakanikirana komanso zimayendetsedwa mofananamo, kuyala maziko a fetereza wabwino kwambiri komanso wabwino kwambiri. Chosakanizira yopingasa kapena chosakanizira litayamba angagwiritsidwe ntchito yunifolomu kusanganikirana ndi oyambitsa.

3. Phwanyani:

Ziphuphu zakuthupi zimaphwanyidwa mutasakanikirana mofanana, zomwe zimakhala zosavuta kuti zisamalire granulation, makamaka pogwiritsa ntchito crusher chain.

4. Kukula:

Zomwe zimasakanizidwa mofanana ndikuphwanyidwa zimatumizidwa ku makina a granulation kudzera pa conveyor lamba, lomwe ndiye gawo lalikulu la mzere wopanga fetereza. Kusankha kwa granulator ndikofunikira kwambiri. Fakitale yathu imapanga ma granulator a disk, drum granulator, extruder wodzigudubuza kapena granulator wa pakompyuta.

5. Kuwunika:

Tinthu tating'onoting'ono timachotsedwa, ndipo ma tinthu osayenerera amabwezeretsedwanso kumtunda wosakanikirana komanso wosonkhezera wobwezeretsanso. Nthawi zambiri, makina osungunula amagwiritsidwa ntchito.

6. Kuyika:

Njirayi imagwiritsa ntchito makina osungira owerengeka. Makinawa amapangidwa ndi makina olemera otsogola, makina othandizira, makina osindikiza, ndi zina. Muthanso kukhazikitsa hoppers malinga ndi zomwe makasitomala amafuna. Iwo akhoza kuzindikira ma CD kachulukidwe wa zipangizo chochuluka monga feteleza organic ndi feteleza pawiri, ndipo wakhala ankagwiritsa ntchito mafakitale processing chakudya ndi mizere mafakitale kupanga.