Mzere wa matani 50,000 wa feteleza

Kufotokozera Kwachidule 

Kuti tikhale ndi ulimi wobiriwira, choyamba tiyenera kuthetsa vuto la kuipitsa nthaka. Mavuto omwe amapezeka m'nthaka ndi monga: nthaka iyenera kukonzedwa. Sinthani zinthu zopezeka m'nthaka, kuti pakhale zipatso zambiri ndi zinthu zochepa zoyipa m'nthaka.

Timapereka kapangidwe kake ndikupanga seti yathunthu ya mizere yopanga feteleza. Manyowa achilengedwe atha kupangidwa ndi zotsalira za methane, zinyalala zaulimi, ziweto ndi manyowa a nkhuku ndi zinyalala zamatauni. Zinyalala zachilengedwezi zimayenera kukonzedwa bwino zisanasandulike ngati feteleza wamalonda wamtengo wapatali wogulitsa. Ndalama zosinthira zinyalala kukhala chuma ndizofunikira kwambiri.

Mankhwala Mwatsatanetsatane

Mzere wopangira feteleza watsopano wokhala ndi matani 50,000 pachaka umagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri popanga feteleza ndi zinyalala zaulimi, ziweto ndi manyowa a nkhuku, sludge ndi zinyalala zam'mizinda ngati zinthu zachilengedwe. Mzere wonse wopanga sungangotembenuza zinyalala zosiyanasiyana kukhala feteleza, komanso umabweretsa zabwino zachilengedwe komanso zachuma.

Zida zopangira fetereza makamaka zimaphatikizapo hopper ndi feeder, drum granulator, choumitsira, makina odzigudubuza, chidebe, zotengera lamba, makina opakira ndi zida zina zothandizira.

 Zipangizo zogwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri

Chingwe chatsopano chopangira fetereza chitha kugwiritsidwa ntchito pazinthu zosiyanasiyana, makamaka udzu, zotsalira zakumwa zoledzeretsa, zotsalira za bakiteriya, mafuta otsalira, ziweto ndi manyowa a nkhuku ndi zinthu zina zomwe sizophweka kuzipaka. Itha kugwiritsidwanso ntchito pochiza humic acid ndi sludge sludge.

Otsatirawa ndi gulu la zopangira m'mizere yopangira feteleza:

1. Zinyalala zaulimi: udzu, zotsalira za nyemba, slag wa thonje, chimanga cha mpunga, ndi zina zambiri.

2. Manyowa a ziweto: kusakaniza manyowa a nkhuku ndi manyowa a nyama, monga malo ophera nyama, zinyalala zochokera kumsika wa nsomba, ng'ombe, nkhumba, nkhosa, nkhuku, abakha, tsekwe, mkodzo wa mbuzi ndi ndowe.

3. Zinyalala zamafuta: zotsalira zakumwa zoledzeretsa, zotsalira za viniga, zotsalira za chinangwa, zotsalira shuga, zotsalira zaubweya, ndi zina zambiri.

4. Zinyalala zapakhomo: zinyalala za chakudya, mizu ndi masamba a masamba, ndi zina zambiri.

5. Sludge: matope a mitsinje, zimbudzi, etc.

Tchati chotsatsira mzere

Mzere wopangira fetereza wamtundu umakhala ndi chotupa, chosakanizira, crusher, granulator, chowumitsira, chozizira, makina opaka, etc.

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Mwayi

Chingwe chatsopano chopangira fetereza chimakhala ndi mawonekedwe a kukhazikika, magwiridwe antchito, kukonza kosavuta komanso moyo wautali.

1. Mitunduyi sikangoyenera feteleza zokha, komanso feteleza wamatenda omwe amawonjezera mabakiteriya ogwira ntchito.

2. Kuchuluka kwa fetereza kumatha kusintha malinga ndi zosowa za makasitomala. Mitundu yonse yamafuta opangira feteleza omwe amapangidwa mufakitole yathu ndi monga: ma granulators atsopano a feteleza, ma disk osungunula, opangira nkhungu mosalala, ma granulators amtundu wa drum, etc. Sankhani ma granulators osiyanasiyana kuti apange ma particles amitundu yosiyanasiyana.

3. Kugwiritsa ntchito kwambiri. Itha kuchiza zinthu zosiyanasiyana zopangira, monga zinyalala zanyama, zinyalala zaulimi, zinyalala zamtundu uliwonse, ndi zina zonse.

4. Makina apamwamba komanso olondola kwambiri. Makina osakaniza ndi makina opaka amalamulidwa ndi makompyuta ndi makina.

5. Makhalidwe apamwamba, magwiridwe antchito, magwiridwe antchito, digiri yodzichitira ndi moyo wautali. Timalingalira zonse za ogwiritsa ntchito pakupanga ndi kupanga makina a feteleza.

Ntchito zowonjezera:

1. Fakitole yathu imatha kuthandizira kupereka mapulani enieni a mzere pambuyo poti zida zamakasitomala zitsimikizidwe.

2. Kampaniyo imangotsatila miyezo yaukadaulo yoyenera.

3. Yesani molingana ndi malamulo oyenera a mayeso a zida.

4. Kuyang'anitsitsa mankhwala asanatuluke mufakitoleyo.

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Mfundo Yogwira Ntchito

1. Manyowa
Zimbudzi zobwezerezedwanso ndi zonyamula nkhuku ndi zinthu zina zopangira zimaloledwa kulowa m'malo opangira mphamvu. Pakatha kuthira kamodzi komanso kukalamba kwachiwiri, kutulutsa fungo la ziweto ndi nkhuku kumatha. Thovu mabakiteriya akhoza kuwonjezeredwa pa nthawi imeneyi kuti kuwola ndinso ulusi coarse mmenemo kuti tinthu kukula zofunika za onongani akhoza kukwaniritsa zofuna za granularity kupanga granulation. Kutentha kwa zopangira kuyenera kuyang'aniridwa bwino nthawi ya nayonso mphamvu kuti tipewe kutentha kwambiri ndikuletsa ntchito ya tizilombo ndi michere. Makina oyenda oyenda ndi makina oyendera ma hayidiroliki amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri kupindulira, kusakaniza ndi kupititsa patsogolo kuyimitsidwa kwama stacks.

2. Feteleza Crusher
Ndondomeko yopukutira yomwe imamaliza kukalamba kwachiwiri ndi njira zokhazokha zitha kugwiritsidwa ntchito ndi makasitomala kusankha cholowa chonyowa, chomwe chimagwirizana ndi chinyezi cha zinthuzo mosiyanasiyana.

3. Muziganiza
Mukaphwanya zopangidwazo, onjezerani zakudya zina kapena zowonjezera zothandizira malinga ndi fomuyi, ndipo gwiritsani ntchito chosakanizira chopingasa kapena chowongolera panthawi yogwedeza kuti musakanize zakudazo ndi zowonjezera mofanana.

4. Kuyanika
Pamaso pa granulation, ngati chinyezi cha zinthuzo chimaposa 25%, ndi chinyezi china ndi kukula kwa tinthu, madziwo ayenera kukhala ochepera 25% ngati chowumitsira drum chimagwiritsidwa ntchito kuyanika.

5. Kuberekera
Makina atsopano a feteleza wa feteleza amagwiritsidwa ntchito kupangira zida zopangira mipira kuti zinthu zazing'ono zisamayende bwino. Kupulumuka kwa tizilombo tomwe timagwiritsa ntchito granulator ndikoposa 90%.

6. Kuyanika
Chinyezi cha particles cha granulation ndi pafupifupi 15% mpaka 20%, chomwe chimaposa chandamale. Pamafunika makina oyanika kuti athe kuyendetsa ndi kusunga feteleza.

7. Kuzizira
Chopangidwacho chimalowa chozizira kudzera pagalimoto yonyamula. Wozizilitsa amatenga chowongolera mpweya chowotcha mpweya kuti chithetse kutentha kotsalira, kwinaku kumachepetsa madzi amitundu.

8. Kusindikiza
Timapereka makina apamwamba kwambiri a drum sieving kuti tikwaniritse gulu lazinthu zobwezerezedwanso ndi zinthu zomalizidwa. Zinthu zobwezerezedwanso zimabwezeredwa ku crusher kuti zikakonzedwenso, ndipo zomwe zatsirizidwa zimaperekedwa kwa makina okutira feteleza kapena makina osungira omwewo.

9. Kuyika
Zomalizidwa zimalowa m'makina opakira kudzera pamakina onyamula lamba. Chitani ma pulogalamu ochulukirapo komanso zodziwikiratu. Makina opaka ali ndi kuchuluka kosiyanasiyana komanso kulondola kwambiri. Zimaphatikizidwa ndi makina osokera onyamula ndi malo okwera. Makina amodzi amagwiritsidwa ntchito mosiyanasiyana komanso moyenera. Pezani zofunikira zakunyamula ndikugwiritsa ntchito malo azinthu zosiyanasiyana.