Kubwezeretsanso zinyalala zotsalira za bowa

M'zaka zaposachedwa, ndikupanga ukadaulo walimi wa bowa wodyedwa, kukula kosalekeza kwa malo obzala komanso kuchuluka kwa mitundu yodzala, bowa ndi gawo lofunikira pakupanga ulimi. M'dera lokulitsa bowa, zinyalala zambiri zimapangidwa chaka chilichonse. Zochita pakupanga zikuwonetsa kuti 100kg ya zinthu zoswana zimatha kukolola 100kg wa bowa watsopano ndikupeza 60kg yaZinyalala zotsalira bowa nthawi yomweyo. Zowonongekazo sizimangowononga chilengedwe, komanso zimapangitsa kuwononga zinthu zambiri. Koma kugwiritsa ntchito zinyalala zotsalira bowa kupanga feteleza wa bio-organic ndizodziwika, zomwe sizimangodziwa kugwiritsa ntchito zinyalala, komanso zimapangitsa nthaka kugwiritsira ntchitoZatsalira za bowa-organic feteleza.

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Zotsalira za bowa zimakhala ndi michere yambiri yofunikira mmera ndikukula kwamasamba ndi zipatso. Pambuyo pa nayonso mphamvu, amapangidwa ngati bio-organic feteleza, omwe amakhala ndi zotsatira zabwino pakubzala. Ndiye, kodi zotsalira za bowa zimasandutsa bwanji zinyalala kukhala chuma?

Pogwiritsa ntchito nayonso mphamvu ya bowa kuti muchite njira za feteleza wa bio-organic: 

1. Kuchuluka kwa Mlingo: 1kg ya tizilombo tating'onoting'ono titha kupesa 200kg zotsalira za bowa. Zotsalira za bowa woyambayo ziyenera kuphwanyidwa kaye kenako zipse. Mankhwala opangidwa ndi tizilombo tating'onoting'ono tatsalira komanso tosakanizidwa bwino. Pofuna kupeza chiŵerengero choyenera cha C / N, urea, manyowa a nkhuku, zotsalira za zitsamba kapena zida zina zothandizira zitha kuwonjezeredwa moyenera.

2. Kuwongolera chinyezi: mutasakaniza zotsalira za bowa ndi zida zothandizira mofananamo, perekani madzi pamtengowo mofanana ndi pampu yamadzi ndikuyiyika nthawi zonse mpaka chinyezi cha zinthuzo ndi pafupifupi 50%. Chinyezi chochepa chimachedwetsa nayonso mphamvu, chinyezi chambiri chimapangitsa kuti pakhale mpweya wochepa.

3. Kompositi potembenuka: kutembenuza okwanira nthawi zonse. Tizilombo tating'onoting'ono titha kuchulukitsa mwakachetechete ndikuwononga zinthu zachilengedwe pansi pamadzi oyenera komanso mpweya wabwino, motero zimatulutsa kutentha kwakukulu, kupha mabakiteriya oyambitsa matenda ndi mbewu za udzu, ndikupangitsa kuti zinthu zachilengedwe zizikhala zokhazikika. 

4. Kutentha kwazitsulo: kutentha koyambira koyambirira kuli pamwamba pa 15 ℃, nayonso mphamvu ikhoza kukhala pafupifupi sabata imodzi. M'nyengo yozizira kutentha kumakhala kotsika ndipo nthawi ya nayonso mphamvu ndi yayitali.

5. Kutsirizitsa kwa nayonso mphamvu: yang'anani mtundu wa bowa wosanjikiza, ndimtundu wachikasu usanayambike, komanso bulauni yakuda pambuyo pa nayonso mphamvu, ndipo muluwo umakhala ndi bowa watsopano asanafike nayonso mphamvu. Magwiridwe amagetsi (EC) atha kugwiritsidwanso ntchito kuweruza, makamaka EC imakhala yotsika isanafike nayonso mphamvu, ndipo pang'onopang'ono imakula panthawi yaNjira yothira.

Gwiritsani ntchito zotsalira za bowa mutayola kuyesa malo omwe kabichi yaku China ikukula, zotsatira zake zidawonetsa kuti fetereza wopangidwa ndi zotsalira za bowa ndizothandiza kusintha kabichi waku China, monga tsamba la kabichi waku China, kutalika kwa petiole ndi tsamba lalitali ndizapamwamba kuposa zachilendo, ndipo zokolola za kabichi waku China zidakwera 11.2%, zomwe zili ndi chlorophyll zidakwera ndi 9.3%, shuga wosungunuka wambiri adakwera ndi 3.9%, michere yake idakula.

Kodi ndi zinthu ziti zofunika kuziganizira musanakhazikitse chomera cha feteleza?

Kumanga chomera cha feteleza chamoyo imafuna kulingalira mozama za zinthu zakomweko, kuchuluka kwa msika ndi utali wofikira, ndipo zotuluka pachaka zimachokera matani 40,000 mpaka 300,000. Zotsatira zapachaka za matani 10,000 mpaka 40,000 ndizoyenera kuzomera zazing'ono, matani 50,000 mpaka 80,000 pazomera zapakatikati ndi matani 90,000 mpaka 150,000 pazomera zazikulu. Mfundo zotsatirazi zikuyenera kutsatiridwa: magwero azinthu, nthaka, mbewu zazikulu, kapangidwe ka mbewu, malo, ndi zina zambiri. 

Nanga bwanji za mtengo wopangira chomera cha feteleza?

Mzere wocheperako wa feteleza ndalama ndizochepa, chifukwa zopangira za kasitomala aliyense ndizofunikira pakapangidwe kazipangizo ndi zida zake ndizosiyana, chifukwa chake mtengo wake sudzaperekedwa pano.

Yathunthu Zotsalira za bowa zotsalira ndi feteleza Nthawi zambiri amapangidwa ndi mitundu ingapo yopangira zida zosiyanasiyana komanso zida zosiyanasiyana, mtengo wake kapena zimadalira momwe zinthu zilili, komanso kugwiritsa ntchito mtengo wapadziko lapansi, ndalama zomangira msonkhano ndi zogulitsa ndi zoyang'anira zimafunikanso kuganiziridwa nthawi yomweyo . Malingana ngati njirayi ndi zida zikugwirizana bwino ndikusankhidwa kwa omwe amapereka bwino amasankhidwa, maziko olimba amayikidwa kuti apititse patsogolo phindu ndi phindu.

 


Nthawi yamakalata: Jun-18-2021