MUNGAPANGITSE BWANJI KUTI MUDZASANKHE Fakitale YOPHUNZITSIRA BANJA?

Kufufuza kwa fetereza wa organic rzopangira

Chifukwa cha feteleza wochuluka wamankhwala amene wagwiritsidwa ntchito munthawi yayitali, zinthu zomwe zimapezeka m'nthaka zimachepetsa popanda kutulutsa feteleza.

Cholinga chachikulu cha ondondomeko ya feteleza yachangundikupanga feteleza yemwe amagwiritsa ntchito zinthu zosiyanasiyana zomwe zimakhala ndi zinthu za nayitrogeni, phosphorous ndi potaziyamu pakukula kwa mbeu. Musanayambe chomera cha feteleza, muyenera kufufuza za msika wa zinthu zakutchire zakomweko. Kupanga kafukufuku wazofunikira pakumanga mafakitale, mwachitsanzo, mtundu wa zopangira, kupeza ndi mayendedwe ndi mtengo wotumizira.

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Chofunikira kwambiri kuti pakhale feteleza wathanzi ndikuonetsetsa kuti zinthu zopangira organic zikupitilira. Chifukwa cha kuchuluka kwa voliyumu yayikulu komanso kuvuta kwakunyamula zinthu zopangira, kunali bwino kukhazikitsa fakitale yanu ya fetereza m'malo omwe muli zinthu zokwanira, monga pafupi ndi famu yayikulu ya nkhumba, famu ya nkhuku ndi zina zambiri.

Mu kupanga feteleza wachilengedwe Njira, pali zinthu zambiri zodziwika bwino, Wopanga nthawi zambiri amasankha zinthu zachilengedwe zochuluka kwambiri ngati zopangira zazikulu ndipo amagwiritsa ntchito zopangira zina kapena zinthu zochepa za NPK monga zowonjezera, mwachitsanzo, fakitale ya feteleza yomwe idakhazikitsidwa pafupi ndi famu, ndipo pali zinyalala zambiri zaulimi chaka chilichonse. Kupanga kumeneku kumafuna kusankha udzu wazomera ngati zopangira zake zazikulu, ndi manyowa azinyama, peat ndi zeolite ngati zowonjezera.

Mwachidule, zinthu zopangidwa ndi organic, zomwe zimakhala ndi zinthu zakuthupi ndi michere zomwe ndizofunikira kulimbikitsa kukula kwa mbewu, zitha kugwiritsidwa ntchito ngati zopangira pakupanga fetereza wa organic. Ukadaulo wopanga ukhoza kupangidwa molingana ndi zopangira zosiyanasiyana.

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Kusankha Kwa Fakitole wa Organic                   
Kusankhidwa kwa chomera cha feteleza kumayenderana kwambiri ndi mtengo wamtsogolo wopanga ndi maubwenzi owongolera kupanga. Muyenera kuganizira izi.
1. Chomera cha feteleza sichingakhale patali kwambiri ndi famu. Manyowa a nkhuku ndi manyowa a nkhumba amadziwika ndi kuchuluka kwakukulu, madzi ambiri komanso mayendedwe ovuta. Ngati ili kutali kwambiri ndi famu, mtengo wamagalimoto azida ukwera.
2. Malo omwe ali pafamuyo sangakhale pafupi kwambiri ndipo sioyenera kulunjika komwe kulowera kumtunda malinga ndi ulimi. Kupanda kutero, imatha kubweretsa matenda opatsirana, ngakhale kuyambitsa mliri wovuta kulima.
3. Iyenera kukhala kutali ndi malo okhala kapena malo ogwirira ntchito. Pochita kapena popanga fetereza wa organic, amatulutsa mpweya wina woyipa. Chifukwa chake, ndibwino kuti tipewe kukhudza miyoyo ya anthu.
4. Iyenera kupezeka m'malo omwe ndi malo athyathyathya, nthaka yolimba, tebulo lamadzi ochepa komanso mpweya wabwino. Kuphatikiza apo, iyenera kupewa malo omwe amakonda kutsetsereka, kusefukira kwamadzi kapena kugwa.
5. Malowa ayenera kusinthidwa mogwirizana ndi momwe zinthu zilili m'deralo komanso kusamalira nthaka. Gwiritsani ntchito malo opanda pake kapena opanda kanthu ndipo simukhala minda. Gwiritsani ntchito malo omwe simunagwiritse ntchito momwe mungathere, kenako mutha kuchepetsa ndalama.
6. Chomera cha feteleza chimakhala chamakona anayi. Malo a fakitale ayenera kukhala pafupifupi 10,000-20,000㎡.
7. Tsambali silingakhale patali kwambiri ndi mizere yamagetsi kuti muchepetse kugwiritsidwa ntchito kwamagetsi ndikugulitsa magetsi. Iyenera kukhala pafupi ndi madzi kuti ikwaniritse zosowa zamadzi zopangira ndikukhala ndi moyo.


Nthawi yamakalata: Jun-18-2021