Sefani Press Matope ndi Molasses Kompositi Yopanga Njira

Sucrose amawerengera 65-70% ya shuga padziko lapansi. Makina opanga amafunika nthunzi ndi magetsi ochulukirapo, ndipo amapanga zotsalira zambiri magawo osiyanasiyana pakupanga pa nthawi yomweyo.

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Mkhalidwe Wopanga Sucrose Padziko Lonse Lapansi

Pali mayiko opitilira zana padziko lonse lapansi omwe amapanga sucrose. Brazil, India, Thailand ndi Australia ndiwoopanga kwambiri komanso ogulitsa kunja kwa shuga. Shuga wopangidwa ndi mayikowa ndi pafupifupi 46% yazotulutsa padziko lonse lapansi komanso kuchuluka kwa zotumiza kunja zimabweretsa pafupifupi 80% yazogulitsa kunja. Kupanga shuga ku Brazil ndi kuchuluka kwa mavoti kunja padziko lonse lapansi, kuwerengera 22% ya sucrose yapadziko lonse lapansi yopanga komanso 60% yazogulitsa kunja kwathunthu.

Zogulitsa za nzimbe / nzimbe ndi kapangidwe kake

Pokonza nzimbe, kupatula zinthu zazikulu monga shuga woyera ndi shuga wofiirira, pali zinthu zitatu zazikuluzikulu: nzimbe bagasse, matope atolankhani, ndi blackstrap molasses.

Nzimbe Bagasse: 
Bagasse ndi zotsalira za ulusi kuchokera ku nzimbe atatulutsa madzi a nzimbe. Nzimbe bagasse itha kugwiritsidwa bwino ntchito popanga fetereza. Komabe, popeza bagasse ili pafupi ndi selulosi yoyera ndipo mulibe zakudya zilizonse si feteleza wothandiza, kuwonjezera kwa michere ina ndikofunikira, makamaka zinthu za nayitrogeni, monga zobiriwira, ndowe za ng'ombe, manyowa a nkhumba ndi zina, kuti apange kuwonongeka.

Shuga Press Press Matope:
Matope atolankhani, zotsalira zazikulu pakupanga shuga, ndi zotsalira zochizira msuzi wa nzimbe powasefa, kuwerengera 2% ya kulemera kwa nzimbe zophwanyidwa. Imatchedwanso matope osindikizira nzimbe, matope osindikiza nzimbe, fyuluta ya nzimbe keke matope, keke ya fyuluta ya nzimbe, fyuluta ya nzimbe.

Zosefera keke (matope) zimayambitsa kuwonongeka kwakukulu, ndipo m'mafakitale angapo amawerengedwa kuti ndiwononga, zomwe zimabweretsa mavuto pakuwongolera ndikuwachotsa komaliza. Amaipitsa mpweya ndi madzi apansi panthaka ngati akuunjikira matope zosefera mwachisawawa. Chifukwa chake, kusindikiza matope ndi nkhani yofunika kwambiri kumakampani osakira shuga ndi madipatimenti oteteza zachilengedwe.

Kugwiritsa ntchito matope osindikizira
Kwenikweni, chifukwa chokhala ndi zinthu zambiri zamagulu ndi mchere zomwe zimafunikira pazakudya zam'mimba, keke yamafyuluta yayamba kale kugwiritsidwa ntchito ngati feteleza m'maiko angapo, kuphatikiza Brazil, India, Australia, Cuba, Pakistan, Taiwan, South Africa, ndi Argentina. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati cholowa m'malo mwathunthu kapena pang'ono posankha feteleza wamafuta olimidwa nzimbe, komanso kulima mbewu zina.

Ubwino Wosefa Wosindikiza Matope ngati feteleza wa kompositi
Kuchuluka kwa zokolola za shuga ndi matope osefera (madzi okwanira 65%) ndi pafupifupi 10: 3, ndiye kuti matani 10 a zotulutsa shuga atha kupanga tani imodzi yamatope owuma. Mu 2015, kupanga kwa shuga padziko lonse lapansi ndi matani 0.172 biliyoni, pomwe Brazil, India ndi China zikuyimira 75% yapadziko lonse lapansi. Akuti pafupifupi matani 5.2 miliyoni a matope osindikizira amapangidwa ku India chaka chilichonse.

Tisanadziwe momwe tingagwiritsire ntchito chilengedwe mosanja matope kapena keke yosindikiza, Tiyeni tiwone zambiri za kapangidwe kake kuti yankho lotheka lipezeke posachedwa!

 

Katundu ndi kapangidwe ka matope a nzimbe Press:

Ayi.

Magawo

Mtengo

1.

pH

4.95%

2.

Zolimba Zonse

27.87%

3.

Zolimba Zonse Zosakhazikika

84.00%

4.

COD

117.60%

5.

THUPI (masiku 5 pa 27 ° C)

22.20%

6.

Mpweya Wachilengedwe.

48.80%

7.

Zinthu zachilengedwe

84.12%

8.

Mavitamini

1.75%

9.

Phosphorus

0.65%

10.

Potaziyamu

0.28%

11.

Sodium

0.18%

12.

Calcium

2.70%

13.

Sulphate

1.07%

14.

Shuga

7.92%

15.

Sera ndi Mafuta

4.65%

Powona kuchokera pamwambapa, Press matope amakhala ndi kuchuluka kwakuthupi ndi michere, kupatula 20-25% ya organic kaboni. Matope atolankhani amakhalanso ndi potaziyamu, sodium, ndi phosphorous. Ndi gwero lolemera kwambiri la phosphorous ndi organic ndipo limakhala ndi chinyezi chachikulu, chomwe chimapangitsa kukhala fetereza wofunika kwambiri! Ntchito yodziwika ndi ya feteleza, mu mawonekedwe osasinthidwa ndi osinthidwa. Njira zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito pokweza phindu la feteleza
Phatikizani manyowa, chithandizo ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda ndikusakanikirana ndi zotulutsa zimbudzi

Molasses nzimbe:
Molasses ndizopangidwa kuchokera ku shuga wa 'C' pakatikati pa makhiristo a shuga. Zokolola za molasses pa tani ya nzimbe zili pakati pa 4 mpaka 4.5%. Zimatumizidwa kuchokera kufakitare ngati zotayidwa.
Komabe, molasses ndi wabwino, wachangu potengera mphamvu zamafuta osiyanasiyana a tizilombo tating'onoting'ono ndi moyo wapanthaka mumulu wa kompositi kapena nthaka. Molasses ili ndi mpweya wa 27: 1 kupita ku nayitrogeni ndipo imakhala ndi mpweya wosungunuka wa 21%. Nthawi zina amagwiritsidwa ntchito pophika kapena popanga mafuta a ethanol, monga chogwiritsira ntchito podyetsa ng'ombe, komanso ngati feteleza "wopangidwa ndi molasses".

Peresenti yazakudya zomwe zilipo ku Molasses

Mtsogoleri

Zakudya zopatsa thanzi

%

1

Sucrose

30-35

2

Glucose & Fructose

10-25

3

Chinyezi

23-23.5

4

Phulusa

16-16.5

5

Calcium ndi potaziyamu

4.8-5

6

Mankhwala Osakhala shuga

2-3

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Sefani Press Matope & Molasses Njira Zopangira Feteleza

Kompositi
Choyamba matope osindikiza shuga (87.8%), zida za kaboni (9.5%) monga ufa waudzu, ufa wa udzu, chinangwa cha majeremusi, chimanga cha tirigu, mankhusu, utuchi ndi zina zotero, molasses (0.5%), single super phosphate (2.0%), sulufule matope (0.2%), adasakanizidwa bwino ndikuwonjezeka pafupifupi 20m kutalika pamwamba pa nthaka, 2.3-2.5m m'lifupi ndi 5.6m kutalika kofanana. (maupangiri: m'lifupi mwake ma Windrows ayenera kukhala molingana ndi zidziwitso za kompositi yomwe mukugwiritsa ntchito)

Milu iyi idapatsidwa nthawi yoti ipangidwe ndikumaliza kukonza kwa pafupifupi masiku 14-21. Pakubikika, osakanizawo anali osakanikirana, osandulika ndikumwa madzi pakatha masiku atatu aliwonse kuti asunge chinyezi cha 50-60%. Kutembenuza kompositi kunagwiritsidwa ntchito potembenuza njira kuti zikhalebe zofananira ndikusakanikirana bwino. (maupangiri: potembenuzira mphepo kumathandiza wopanga feteleza kusakaniza ndikusintha manyowa mwachangu, kukhala oyenera komanso ofunikira pamizere yopangira feteleza)
Njira Yodzitetezera
Ngati chinyezi ndichokwera kwambiri, nthawi ya nayonso mphamvu imakulitsidwa. Kutsika kwamadzi m'matope kumatha kubweretsa kuyamwa kosakwanira. Momwe mungaweruze ngati kompositi yakula? Kompositi yokhwima imadziwika ndi mawonekedwe otayirira, imvi (yolowetsedwa mu taupe) ndipo palibe fungo. Pali kutentha kofanana pakati pa manyowa ndi malo ozungulira. Chinyontho cha kompositi sichichepera 20%.

Kukula
Zinthu zofukizazo zimatumizidwa ku Granulator yatsopano ya fetereza popanga granules.

Kuyanika / Kuzirala
The granules adzatumizidwa ku Makina oyimira ng'oma, apa molasses (0,5% yazinthu zonse zopangira) ndi madzi ayenera kupopera madzi asanalowe chowumitsira. Makina owotchera drum, ogwiritsa ntchito ukadaulo wowumitsa, amagwiritsidwa ntchito kupanga granules kutentha kwa 240-250 ℃ ndikuchepetsa chinyezi mpaka 10%.

Kuwunika
Pambuyo pa granulation ya kompositi, imatumizidwa ku Makina oyendetsa makina owonera. Avereji ya kukula kwa bio-feteleza ayenera kukhala wa 5mm m'mimba kuti alimi akhale omasuka komanso kuti akhale ndi granule wabwino. Kuchulukitsa ndi kutsitsa ma granules amabwezeretsedwanso ku gawo la granulation.

Kuyika
Zogulitsa za kukula kofunikira zimatumizidwa ku Makinawa ma CD makina, momwe imadzazidwa m'matumba kudzera mukudzaza auto. Kenako potsiriza malonda amatumizidwa kumalo osiyanasiyana ogulitsa.

Zosefera Shuga Matope & Manyowa a Molasses Kompositi

1. Kulimbana ndi matenda ndi udzu wochepa:
Pakumwa mankhwala amtundu wa shuga, tizilombo toyambitsa matenda timachulukana mwachangu ndipo timatulutsa mankhwala ambiri opha tizilombo, mahomoni ndi ma metabolites ena. Kugwiritsa ntchito feteleza m'nthaka, kumatha kuletsa kufalikira kwa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda ndi kukula kwa udzu, kumapangitsa tizilombo komanso kukana matenda. Matope a fyuluta onyowa opanda chithandizo ndiosavuta kupatsira mabakiteriya, mbewu za udzu ndi mazira kuzinthu zomwe zimakhudza kukula kwawo).

2. Mwachangu feteleza:
Popeza nthawi yamadzimadzi imangokhala masiku 7-15, imasungabe zosefera zamatope momwe zingathere. Chifukwa cha kuwonongeka kwa tizilombo, imasintha zinthu zomwe ndizovuta kuyamwa kukhala michere yothandiza. Feteleza wosakaniza ndi matope a organic bioorganic amatha kusewera mwachangu mwachangu ndikubwezeretsanso michere yofunikira pakukula kwa mbewu. Chifukwa chake, mphamvu ya feteleza imasunga nthawi yayitali.

3. Kulima chonde m'nthaka ndikusintha nthaka:
Pogwiritsa ntchito feteleza wamtundu umodzi kwa nthawi yayitali, zinthu zanthaka zimadyedwa pang'onopang'ono, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti nthaka ikhale yopindulitsa. Mwanjira imeneyi, mavitamini amachepetsa ndipo colloidal yawonongeka, ndikupangitsa kuti nthaka iwonongeka, acidification ndi mchere. Sefani matope feteleza amatha kugwirizanitsanso mchenga, dothi lotayirira, kulepheretsa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, kubwezeretsa nthaka yaying'ono-zachilengedwe, kukulitsa kufalikira kwa nthaka ndikuthandizira kukhalabe ndi madzi ndi michere.
4. Kukweza zipatso ndi mtundu wabwino: 
Pambuyo pothira feteleza, mbewu zimakhala ndi mizu yotukuka komanso masamba olimba omwe amalimbikitsa kumera kwa mbewu, kukula, maluwa, zipatso ndi kukhwima. Zimakongoletsa kwambiri mawonekedwe ndi utoto wa zinthu zaulimi, zimawonjezera nzimbe ndi kukoma kwa zipatso. Sefani matope a organic-organic feteleza omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati basal general komanso zovala zapamwamba. Mu nyengo yakukula, ikani feteleza pang'ono pokha. Ikhoza kukwaniritsa zosowa za kukula kwa mbewu ndikufikira cholinga choyang'anira ndikugwiritsa ntchito nthaka.

5. Kugwiritsa ntchito kwambiri ntchito zaulimi
Kugwiritsa ntchito ngati feteleza woyambira ndikudulira nzimbe, nthochi, mtengo wazipatso, mavwende, masamba, tiyi, maluwa, mbatata, fodya, fodya, ndi zina zambiri.


Nthawi yamakalata: Jun-18-2021